Link to my dissertation: Getting connected: The effects of online political communication on citizens’ political involvement



De Keyzer, F., Van Noort, G., & Kruikemeier, S. (accepted). Going too far? How consumers respond to personalized advertising from different sources. The Journal of Electronic Commerce Research.

Otto, L., & Kruikemeier, S. (accepted). The Smartphone as a tool for mobile communication research: Assessing mobile campaign perceptions and effects with experience sampling. New Media & Society.

Ohme, J.. de Bruin, K., de Haan, Y., Kruikemeier, S., van der Meer, T., & Vliegenthart, R., (in press). Avoiding the News to Participate in Society? The longitudinal relationship between news avoidance and civic engagement. Communications: The European Journal of Communication Research

Kruikemeier, S.*, Vermeer, S.A.M.*, Metoui, N., Dobber, T., & Zarouali, B. (in press). The use of political targeted messages: The actors, content, and targeted audience. Big Data & Society.

van der Goot, E., Kruikemeier, S., de Ridder, J., Vliegenthart, R. (2022). Online and Offline Battles: Usage of Different Political Conflict Frames. The International Journal of Press/Politics. Advance online publication.

de Haan, Y., Goutier, N., van den Berg, E., Kruikemeier, S., & Lecheler, S. (2022). Invisible Friend or Foe? How Journalists Use and Perceive Algorithmic-driven Tools in Their Research Process. Invisible friend or foe? How journalists use and perceive AI in their research process. Digital Journalism. Advance online publication.

Kefford, G., Dommett, K., Kruschinski, S., Baldwin-Philippi, J., Bannerman, S., Dobber, T., Kruschinski, S., Kruikemeier, S., & Rzepecki, E. (2022). Data-Driven Campaigning and Democratic Disruption: Evidence from Six Advanced Democracies. Party Politics. Advance online publication.

Matthes, J., Hirsch, M., Stubenvoll, M., Binder, A., Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., Otto, L. (2022). Understanding the democratic role of perceived online political micro-targeting: Longitudinal effects on trust in democracy and political interest. Journal of Information Technology Politics. Advance online publication.


Kruikemeier, S., Boerman, S. C., & Bol, N. (2021). How Algorithmic Systems Changed Communication in a Digital Society. Media and Communication, 9( 4), 116-119.

Boerman, S. C., Kruikemeier, S., & Bol, N. (2021). When is personalized advertising crossing personal boundaries? How type of information, data sharing, and personalized pricing influence consumer perceptions of personalized advertising. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 4, 100144.

Vermeer, S.A.M., Kruikemeier, S., Trilling, D., & de Vreese, C.H. (2021). Using panel data to study reciprocal effects between political interest, news media trust, and news media use in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Journalism Studies. Advance online publication

Brands, C., Kruikemeier, S., & Trilling, D. (2021). Insta (nt) famous? Visual self-presentation and the use of masculine and feminine issues by female politicians on Instagram. Information, Communication Society, 24(14), 2016-2036.

Goutier, N., de Haan, Y., de Bruin, K., Lecheler, S., & Kruikemeier, S. (2021). From “Cool Observer” to “Emotional Participant”: The Practice of Immersive Journalism. Journalism Studies, 22(12), 1648-1664.

de Bruin, K., de Haan, Y., Vliegenthart, R., Kruikemeier, S., & Boukes, M. (2021). News avoidance during the COVID-19 crisis: Understanding information overload. Digital Journalism, 9(9), 1286-1302.

Shehata, A., Andersson, D., Glogger, I., Hopmann, D. N., Andersen, K., Kruikemeier, S., & Johansson, J. (2021). Conceptualizing long-term media effects on societal beliefs. Annals of the International Communication Association, 1-19.

Beraldo, D., Milan, S., Agosti, C., Sotic, B. N., Vliegenthart, R., Kruikemeier, S., . . . & Votta, F. (2021). Political advertising exposed: tracking Facebook ads in the 2021 Dutch elections. Policy Review

Vermeer, S. A., Kruikemeier, S., Trilling, D., & de Vreese, C. H. (2021). WhatsApp with Politics?! Examining the Effects of Interpersonal Political Discussion in Instant Messaging Apps. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 26(2), pp. 410-437.

Vermeer, S., Trilling, D., Kruikemeier, S., & De Vreese, C.H. (2020). Online News User Journeys: The Role of Social Media, News Websites, and Topics. Digital Journalism. (link)

Lecheler, S., de Haan, Y., & Kruikemeier, S. (2020). Introduction to the Special Issue: Meeting the Digital Demand through a Multi-Perspective Methodological Approach. Journalism Studies, 21(7), 857-862. (link).

de Bruin, K., de Haan, Y., Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., & Goutier, N. (2020). A first-person promise? A content-analysis of immersive journalistic productions. Journalism (link)

Kruikemeier, S. (2020). Nieuwsconsumptie en politieke betrokkenheid in een digitaal medialandschap. In J., de Ridder, Vliegenthart, R., & Zuure, J. (Ed.), Doen, durven of de waarheid?: Democratie in digitale tijden (pp. 123-135). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Araujo, T., Helberger, N., Kruikemeier, S., & De Vreese, C. H. (2020). In AI we trust? Perceptions about automated decision-making by artificial intelligence. AI & SOCIETY, 1-13. (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Boerman, S. C., & Bol, N. (2020). Breaching the contract? Using social contract theory to explain individuals’ online behavior to safeguard privacy. Media Psychology, 23(2), 269-292. (link)

Lecheler, S., Kruikemeier, S., & de Haan, Y. (2019). The Use and Verification of Online Sources in the News Production Process. Journalism and Truth in an Age of Social Media, 167. (Book chapter)

Zuiderveen Borgesius, F. J., Möller, J., Dobber, T., Kruikemeier, S., Irion, K., Stapel, S., Fathaigh, R. O., Bodo, B., & Vreese, de, C. H. (2019). Online politieke microtargeting. Een zegen of een vloek voor de democratie? Nederlands Juristenblad, 10, 662-669. (link)

Metz, M., Kruikemeier, S., & Lecheler, S. (2019). Personalization of politics on Facebook: examining the content and effects of professional, emotional and private self-personalization. Information, Communication & Society, 1-18. (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., & Boyer, M. M. (2019). Learning from news on different media platforms: An eye-tracking experiment. In Bode, L., & Vraga, E. K. (Eds.), Studying politics across media. Routledge. [This book was originally published as a special issue of Political Communication].

Moeller, J., Shehata, A., & Kruikemeier, S. (2018). Internet Use and Political Interest: Growth Curves, Reinforcing Spirals, and Causal Effects During Adolescence. Journal of Communication, 68(6), 1052-1078. (link).

Bol, N., Dienlin, T., Kruikemeier, S., Sax, M., Boerman, S. C., Strycharz, J., … De Vreese, C. H. (2018). Understanding the effects of personalization as a privacy calculus: Analyzing self-disclosure across health, news, and commerce contexts. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 23(6), 370-388. (link).

Boerman, S.C., Kruikemeier, S., & Zuiderveen Borgesius F.J., (2018). Exploring Motivations for Online Privacy Protection Behavior: Insights from Panel Data. Communication Research. (link)

Van Leuven, S., Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., & Hermans, L. (2018). Online and Newsworthy: Have Online Sources Changed Journalism? Digital Journalism, (6)7, 798-806. (link). *Special issue

Kruikemeier, S., Gattermann, K., & Vliegenthart, R. (2018). Understanding the dynamics of politicians’ visibility in traditional and social media. The Information Society, 34(4), 215-228. (link)

Zuiderveen Borgesius, F. J., Möller, J., Kruikemeier, S., Fathaigh, R. O., Irion, K., Dobber, T., Bodo, B., & Vreese, de, C. H. (2018). Online Political Microtargeting: Promises and Threats to Democracy. Utrecht Law Review, 14(1), 82-96 (download).

Kruikemeier, S., Boyer, M., & Lecheler, S. (2018). Learning from news on different media platforms: An eye-tracking experiment. Political Communication, 35(1), 75-96 (link).

De Haan, Y., Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., Smit, G., & van der Nat, R. (2018). When Does an Infographic Say More Than a Thousand Words? Audience evaluations of news visualizations. Journalism Studies, 19(9), 1293-1312 (link).

Strömbäck, J., Falasca, K., & Kruikemeier, S. (2018). The Mix of Media Use Matters:  Investigating the Effects of Individual News Repertoires on Offline and Online Political Participation. Political Communication, 35(3), 413-432. (paywall).

Kruikemeier, S., & Lecheler, S. (2018). News consumer perceptions of new journalistic sourcing techniques. Journalism Studies, 19(5), 632-649. (link)

Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.J., Kruikemeier, S., Boerman, S.C., & Helberger, N. (2017). Tracking Walls, Take-It-Or-Leave-It Choices, the GDPR, and the ePrivacy Regulation. European Data Protection Law Review, 3(3), 353-368 (link).

Boerman, S.C., Kruikemeier, S., & Zuiderveen Borgesius F.J., (2017). Online behavioral advertising: A conceptual framework and research agenda. Journal of Advertising, 46(3), 363-376 (link).

Kruikemeier, S. & Shehata, A. (2017). News Media Use and Political Engagement Among Adolescents: An Analysis of Virtuous Circles Using Panel Data. Political Communication, 34(2), 221-242 (link).

De Haan, Y., Kruikemeier, S., Lecheler, S., Smit, G., & Van der Nat, R. (2017). Audience uses and evaluations of news visualizations: when does an infographic say more than a thousand words. In A. Nguyen (Ed.), News, Numbers and Public Opinion in a Data-Driven World (pp. 191-208). New York/London: Bloomsbury Publishing USA.

Vliegenthart, R., & Kruikemeier, S. (2017). Political advertising in the Netherlands: (still) little ado about (almost) nothing. In C. Holtz-Bacha & Just, M.R. (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Political Advertising. New York & London: Routledge. (link).

Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & Kruikemeier, S. (2016). Return on interactivity? The characteristics and effectiveness of Web sites during the 2010 Dutch local elections. Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 13(4), 352-364 (link).

Alencar, A., & Kruikemeier, S. (2016). Audiovisual Infotainment in European News: A Comparative Content Analysis of Dutch, Spanish and Irish television News Programs. Journalism. Advance online publication (link).

KruikemeierS., Van Noort, G., & Vliegenthart, R. (2016). The effect of website interactivity on political involvement: the moderating role of political cynicism. Journal of Media Psychology, 28(3), 136-147 (paywall)

Boerman, S. C., & Kruikemeier, S. (2016). Consumer responses to promoted tweets sent by brands and political parties. Computers in Human Behavior, 65, 285-294. (paywall).

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C. (2016). The relationship between online campaigning and political involvement. Online Information Review, 40(5), 673-694. (paywall).

Kruikemeier, S., Sezgin, M., & Boerman S. C. (2016). Political Microtargeting: Relationship Between Personalized Advertising on Facebook and Voters’ Responses. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 19(6): 367-372. (paywall).

Bos, L., Kruikemeier, S., & De Vreese, C.H. (2016). Nation binding: How public service broadcasting mitigates political selective exposure. PLoS ONE, 11(5).(link)

Lecheler, S., & Kruikemeier, S. (2016). Re-evaluating journalistic routines in a digital age: A review of research on the use of online sources. New Media & Society, 18(1), 156-171. (paywall)

Bol, N., Boerman, S. C., Romano Bergstrom, J. C., & Kruikemeier, S. (2016). An overview of how eye tracking is used in communication research. In M. Antona & Stephanidis, C. (Eds.), Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Methods, Techniques, and Best Practices. Proceedings HCII 2016, Part I, LNCS 9737 (pp. 421-429). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. (paywall).

Strauß, N., Kruikemeier, S., van der Meulen, H., & van Noort, G. (2015). Digital diplomacy in GCC countries: Strategic communication of Western embassies on Twitter. Government Information Quarterly32(4), 369-379. (paywall)

Kruikemeier, S., Aparaschivei, A. P., Boomgaarden, H. G., Van Noort, G., & Vliegenthart, R. (2015). Party and Candidate Websites: A Comparative Explanatory Analysis. Mass Communication and Society, 18(6), 821-850. (paywall)

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C.H. (2015). Nederlandse politici op Twitter: wie, waarover, wanneer en met welk effect? Tijdschrift voor Communicatie­wetenschap, 1, 4-22. (paywall)

Kruikemeier, S. & Van de Pol, J. (2015). Online Campagnevoeren. In D. Kok (Ed.), Open Gemeenten – de sociale media-almanak voor gemeenten 2015 (pp. 91-95) (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C.H. (2014). Unraveling the effects of active and passive forms of political Internet use: Does it affect citizens’ political involvement? New Media & Society, 16(6), 903-920. (paywall)

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C.H. (2014). Onderzoek uitgelicht: Dichtbij de politiek. Res Publica, 56(1), 133-135.

Kruikemeier, S. (2014). How political candidates use Twitter and the impact on votes. Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 131-139. (link)

Bos, L., Kruikemeier, S., & De Vreese, C.H. (2014). Gescheiden media? Sociaal-culturele verschillen in mediaconsumptie. In M. Bovens, P. Dekker, & W. Tiemeijer (Eds.), Gescheiden werelden? Een verkenning van sociaal-culturele tegenstellingen in Nederland (pp. 235-254). (download)

Kruikemeier, S. (2014). Interactief communiceren voor politici werkt. In D. Kok (Ed.), Digitale Dialoog (pp. 129-132). (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C.H. (2014). Nieuwe media, een politieke belofte? Politiek internetgebruik tijdens de verkiezingscampagne. In P.Van Praag & K.L.K. Brants (Eds.), Media, macht en politiek. De verkiezingscampagne van 2012. (uitgever)

Kruikemeier, S., Van Noort, G., Vliegenthart, R., & De Vreese, C.H. (2013). Getting closer: The effects of personalized and interactive online political communication. European Journal of Communication, 28(1), 53-66. (paywall)

Friele, R.D., Kruikemeier, S., Rademakers, J.J.D.J.M., & Coppen, R. (2013). Comparing the outcome of two different procedures to handle complaints from a patient’s perspective. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 20(4), 290-295. (link/paywall)

Hoeken, H., Van der Geest, T., Hornikx, J., Van der Goot, M., Jongenelen, M., & Kruikemeier, S. (2011). De rol van begrijpelijke taal in een digitale context: Ontwikkelingen op de domeinen Leven Lang Leren, complexe financiële producten, bestuur en politiek, en gezondheid. Tijdschrift voor Taalbeheersing, 33, 266-286. (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Coppen, R., & Friele, R.D. (2009). Patients’ experience on complaint handling; a comparison between Complaint Committees and Disciplinary Boards (Abstract). European Journal of Public Health, 19(1), 128-129. (link)


Kruikemeier, S. (2017). De journalist aan de zijlijn? Villamedia, 9(2), 24-26. (link)

Kruikemeier, S. (2012). The news and public opinion: Media effects on civic life [Review of the book The news and public opinion: Media effects on civic life]. Tijdschrift voor Communicatie Wetenschap, 40, 204-205. (paywall)

Kruikemeier, S., Schäfer, W.L.A., Coppen, R., & Friele, R.D. (2010). Evaluatie Gefaseerd Toezicht. Utrecht: NIVEL. (link)

Kruikemeier, S., Coppen, R., Rademakers, J. & Friele, R.D. (2009). Ervaringen van mensen met klachten over de gezondheidszorg. Utrecht: NIVEL. (link)

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